Tanzania is located in East Africa between longitude 29 degrees and 41 degrees east and latitude 1 degree and 12 degrees south. Tanzania borders Kenya to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south, and it is the largest country in East Africa (943,000 sq km), comprising both the mainland and the Zanzibar Archipelago.

Tanzania is a country of staggering and diverse natural beauty and it is a land of geographical extremes, Tanzania has the highest point in the continent – the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, the lowest point – the lakebed of Lake Tanganyika while large central plateau makes up most of the mainland (at between 900m and 1800m) and the mountain ranges of the Eastern Arc and the Southern and Northern Highlands cut across the country to form part of the Great Rift Valley.

Tanzania has a pleasant tropical climate as it is very close to the Equator; there is little temperature variation all year round with no clear distinction between the summer and winter seasons. Temperature ranges between about 20C to 30C all year round. There are some temperature variations due to land elevation and region with the coastal belt being hotter and more humid while the hinterland is dryer and cooler, and the mountainous areas being chilly at night.

Tanzania has 2 main rain seasons, short rain season which is normally between the end of October and very early January while the long rain season which is in April and May. The short rain season rain usually does not disturb the normal ongoing activities as the light showers tend to come and go very quickly followed by the regular sunny days hence holidays during this period can go ahead without a worry but we do not recommend travel during the long rain season as the pattern of rain is very irregular and it tends to be heavier and long. Also most of roads become very rough and sometimes completely inaccessible during this time.